The Alabio duck is one of the rarest duck breeds in the world. It is not globally recognized as a duck breed and is almost unheard of.

This web page you are reading right now is one of the only online sources of information on this breed in the world.

A veterinarian named Saleh Puspo named the breed. They originate from Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia. Locally, in Indonesia, they are called the Itik Alabio.

They are a cross of the local Indonesian duck and the Pekin duck.

In Indonesia, they’re quite popular. In 2006, 3,400,000 Alabio ducks were found in South Kalimantan. Elsewhere, virtually no one has them.

They weigh 3.3 to 4.4 lb (1.5-2 kg), with drakes weighing slightly more.

They are very good egg layers, laying 200-250 eggs a year (or even more), and they’re also frequently used for meat.

They’re good broodies, they can fly well, and they’re very heat-tolerant, as can be expected, coming from such a hot area. They’re long-lived, with a lifespan of 8-12 years.

They have an upright stance, similar to the Runner duck. Their beaks are always yellow. Darker beaks, either brown or black, means they are hybrid of Alabio with Mojosari, another duck breed from Java. It’s hard to find the pure breed now, due to uncontrolled cross breeding by local farmers to achieve higher production parameter.

Virtually all Alabio duck raisers are in Indonesia, so I haven’t found any usable images, and none of these videos are very good, but I hope they’ll give you an idea what the breed is like.

These are young ducks. Their raising conditions are not good, as with many duck farming operations in Indonesia. Similar to chicken factory farms in the United States and other developed countries, they are often overcrowded and kept entirely indoors in inhumane, cramped, smelly areas. I’ve seen better duck farms, but most of them are pretty terrible.


  1. Actually the ducks in the video was not a pure breed Alabio Ducks. In the video they are shown to have brown to black beak. It means they are hybrid of Alabio with Mojosari, another duck breed from Java. Pure breed is incredibly rare now, because of uncontrolled cross breeding by local farmers to achieve higher production parameter (eggs and meat).

    1. Hi Agna,

      That’s very interesting! I had no idea. I don’t really want to remove the video, since it will probably be impossible to find a video of real Alabio ducks, but I’ll add an explanation.

      What color bill does a pure Alabio duck have?


      1. Hi, Hannah

        They are characterised by their yellow beak. Darker coloration, like brown or black is a characterisation of Ducks from Java. The coloration on the ducklings is quite unique, but I can only describe it as bright yellow colour with black stripes. The adult female and male have different coloration. The female is mostly in light brown colour, while the male have this cute curl with rainbow colour of a tail. I personally think the male has the most beautiful coloration among Indonesian Duck breed. But right now it is almost impossible to find pure breed.

        I am a vet in Hulu Sungai Utara where the breed originated. So I can confirm this. And it is sad to see that the number of pure breed is declining.


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