This is not the Rouen. The Rouen Clair is a totally different breed that has slipped out of the spotlight. It doesn’t lay enough to be mentioned in any “best egg layers lists,” and it isn’t meaty enough to be mentioned in any “best meat birds” lists. Upon hearing the name, people tend to assume it’s just another name for the Rouen. Its rarity doesn’t help anything, either.
However, the Rouen Clair is a fantastic utility breed that is definitely worth considering. It’s primarily used for meat, as adult birds weigh between 6 and 9 pounds, but it’s not bad for eggs either. The Rouen Clair can produce 150-200 eggs in a year. It may not weigh as much as a Rouen or lay as much as a Welsh Harlequin, but it truly is just as productive as the Pekin, which is one of the most popular dual-purpose breeds.
In addition, the Rouen Clair is a very calm bird, doesn’t fly, forages well, and some individuals make good mothers and broodies (although others do not). They are colored similar to a Mallard, but lighter, which is called “light phase Mallard” or “trout.” They are smaller and more upright than the Rouen, have longer bodies, and lack the Rouen’s voluminous keel. They were developed in the Picardy region of France around 1910-1920, with the intention of producing a large bird that would produce good meat, but would also lay well and be good for exhibition.
As with many large, heavy breeds, the Rouen Clair may find it difficult to mate on land. Having a pond or other source of swimming water is advisable if you want to breed these birds.